Here's the review list of the core concepts. If you have questions on any of them, skywrite, and email me the URL and I'll respond -- until the day I distribute the exam.Abstraction, InvariantsAdaptive Advantage of LanguageAltruism, Selfishness, KinshipAlgorithmsAnalog/Digital (Dynamic/Symbolic)Artificial Life SimulationsBehaviorismBrain's RelevanceCategorical PerceptionCategorization, Category LearningCausalityCertainty, UncertaintyChinese Room ArgumentChurch/Turing Thesis (Strong and Weak)ChunkingCognitionCognitive TechnologyCompression/SeparationComputationComputationalism, Strong AIConsciousness/FeelingDictionary-Go-RoundDiscrimination/CategorizationDistal/Proximal Stimulus in EvolutionDistributed CognitionDynamical SystemsEEA (Environment of Evolutionary Adaptedness)Equivalence, Strong & WeakEvolutionEvolution of LanguageEvolutionary PsychologyExplanationExtended MindExplanatory GapExplicit/Implicit CognitionFree WillFunes the MemoriousGesture/SpeechGroundingHard/Easy ProblemHearsayHeterophenomenologyHomunculus ProblemIcon/SymbolImplementation-IndependenceImplicit/Explicit LearningInduction/InstructionInformationIntrospectionLanguageMeaningMental RotationMental StatesMinimal Grounding SetMind-ReadingMind/Body ProblemMirror NeuronsNeural NetsOther-Minds ProblemPantomime/Pointing/PropositionsPoverty of the StimulusPositive/Negative EvidenceProposition/PredicationPsychokinesis (Telekinesis)Reverse EngineeringRoboticsSensorimotor AffordancesSearle’s PeriscopeShow/TellSupervised/Unsupervised LearningSymbol Grounding ProblemSymbol SystemSyntax/SemanticsTuring MachineTuring Testt1/T2/T3/T4/Ugly Duckling TheoremUncomplemented CategoriesUnderdetermination/OverdeterminationUniversal Grammar (UG) & Ordinary GrammarVanishing IntersectionsWhorf/Sapir Hypothesis
Hi all,I came across this piece today on Al-Jazeera:https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c7plu5-nYhc Obviously this company isn't the first to make meat and animal product alternatives, but what is interesting is they are using computer learning algorithms to determine the best way to mimic the structure and taste of meat and animal products. I thought I would share it because it relates to different parts of the course material quite well (and it's pretty cool).
I hope we don't have to wait till we can duplicate the exact taste of meat before people stop torturing animals for the taste. It would be a really sad testimony to our decency if we were ready to continue their agony till our taste was fully satisfied (and I simply can't believe that people could be that cruel and selfish).But I can say with Cartesian certainty that the tastes available eating "only" vegan are not only enough to keep everyone happy, but once our omnivore metabolism gets the message that it is no longer consuming animal protein (about 8 months, in my case) it changes our tastebuds and makes herbivore food taste infinitely better than when we were carnivores (and that includes vegetarians, who are still eating animal protein). So it is our own metabolism that is the best at providing the taste. (But while your system is still in carnivore mode, you have no way of knowing that -- and that's why kids don't want to eat their vegetables: while they are eating meat, they hardly have any taste, and are hardly needed.) Try it -- but not for the taste: for the mercy.
Hello everyone! Two small clarifications I would love to have before we take a stab at the final. Firstly, and very minor: I feel like I always mess up the proximal/distal evolution distinction. For example, would the distal cause of our propensity for sugar eating be the need for high-energy foods, whereas the proximal would be.. just a craving?Secondly: I was hoping for a brief explanation of the exact relationship between symbol grounding and categorization. I feel like I have an intuition of how they're interconnected, but I really struggle to put it into words.Thanks!Adrienne
Hi Adrienne, yup, excatly for distal/proximal (but it's not on the final!).The symbol grounding problem is the problem of connecting symbols (words) to their referents. Being able to categorize their referents when you see, hear, feel, taste them is the solution. The rest can be verbal combinations of grounded words, defining more and more abstract categories.